Gwollisa Temple - Osan Air Base
It was built by Gong Seorin (孔瑞麟, 1483-1541), a descendant of Confucius (551 BC - 479 BC), a scholar of the Chinese Spring and Autumn Period, to teach younger students. In 1792, this place was changed to 'Gwolli' after the name of the village of No dynasty where Confucius lived. This site was destroyed due to the abolition of seowon by King Gojong (seowon in 1871 except for the 47 seowons (including the royal family)), but was rebuilt in 1900.
Gwollisa Temple is largely divided into the Holy Mausoleum (the building with the image of Confucius) and the 'Seongsangjeon' (Sacred Statue; the place where the stone statue of Confucius is located). The sepulcher area is composed of the mausoleum containing the image of Confucius and the ancestral hall, which is a storage room for items necessary for ancestral rites. The shrine building has a gabled roof with 3 kan in the front and 2 kan on the side. In the Seongsangjeon area, stone statues of the saints [Anzi, Mencius, Zhengzi, and Sasa] are built around the stone statues of Confucius. Besides, the Lisa gwol yanghyeonjae to teach the spirit of Confucius (養賢齋), Confucius culture Hall, haengdan (杏壇) has and hongsalmun, hamabi, gongjeokbi like. Every year, local yurims gather here to hold ancestral rites in spring and autumn.
Osan Gwollisa was founded in 1792 during the reign of King Jeongjo, and has Seongjeokdo, the carved writings and drawings of Confucius’s accomplishment, and the Statue of Confucius.
Osan Gwollisa Confucian Shrine is where Gong Seorin, a civil official during the reign of King Jungjong of the Joseon Dynasty, gathered his pupils and gave lectures.
Along with Noseong Gwollisa in Nonsan, Osan Gwollisa is one of Korea’s two major Gwollisa Temples.
The philosophy of Confucius (551 BC – 479 BC) emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. Confucius's principles had a basis in common Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor veneration, and respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives. He also recommended family as a basis for ideal government.
Gwolli in China is believed to be the area where Confucius was born.
Osan Gwollisa is Gyeonggi-do Monument #147.